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Lithium Brine Deposits: Continental, Geothermal, Oil Field ...

A playa is a type of brine deposit whose surface is composed mostly of silts and clays; playas have less salt than a salar. Lithium brine deposits represent about 66 percent of global lithium ...

Silicon Grease | Lithium Complex Greases | Low Temperature ...

Delux 1 / 2. Lithium grease for high-speed roller bearings (long-life types) Wide 2. Long-life lithium grease for high-speed roller bearings in low temperatures. SDX. Synthetic long-life lithium grease for high-speed roller bearings in low temperatures. Urea. Diurea grease that has long-life at high temperatures for high speed bearings.

A Closer Look at Grease - AMSOIL

Greases formulated with soap-salt complex thickeners are referred to as "complexes" and include lithium complex and calcium-sulfonate complex greases. Additives such as extreme-pressure, anti-wear and friction-reducing agents are added to the grease to enhance performance, much like the additives in lubricating oils.

Grease Cartridge | O'Reilly Auto Parts

Grease Type: Lithium Complex. Color: Blue. Water Resistant: Yes. Show More Show Less Load More If you hear creaking, groaning or grinding noises coming from your vehicle, you can often grease your vehicle's suspension yourself using a grease gun. A grease cartridge is a simpler, cleaner way to load grease into your grease gun.

Grease .. what do you use ? | Green Tractor Talk

Grease-Gard Premium Plus is a multi-purpose HD Lithium complex grease. It is used by John for initial factory-fill lubrication of U-joints and axle bearings and it is compatible with most other types of grease. M.

Greasy Situation: Can You Mix Grease? - NAPA Know How Blog

The problem is with the thickening agents used, such as aluminum, calcium, lithium and polyurea. Testing by major grease and bearing manufacturers reveals some grease types are incompatible. Lithium 12-hydroxy is incompatible with aluminum complex and calcium complex thickeners, but moderately compatible with calcium sulfonate, a typical marine ...

Classification and Characteristics of Grease | Basic ...

Lithium Complex Soap Grease. The soap is formed by reaction of lithium hydroxide with the mixture of fatty acid and dibasic acid. The dropping point of the finished grease is 250°C or higher. Lithium complex grease has excellent heat and water resistance and rust preventing property, as well as longer life at high temperature than lithium soap ...

CITGO Lithoplex RT Greases

Thickener Type Lithium Complex Lithium Complex Color Red Red Texture Smooth, Adhesive, Buttery Smooth, Adhesive, Buttery Worked Penetration, ASTM D217 310-340 265-295 Dropping Point, ASTM D2265, °F(°C) 500 (260) 530 (277) Rust Prevention, ASTM D1743, Rating Pass Pass Water Washout, ASTM D1264, % Loss @ 175°F 5.3 2.0

Lithium Ion Battery - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

A lithium-ion battery is a family of rechargeable battery types in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging. Chemistry, performance, cost and safety characteristics vary across lithium-ion battery types.

Technical Data Sheet AeroShell Grease 33

Thickener type Lithium Complex Lithium Complex Base Oil viscosity @-400C mm2/s ASTM D445 1 840 Base Oil viscosity @400C mm2/s ASTM D445 14.2 Base Oil viscosity @1000C mm2/s ASTM D445 3.4 Useful operating temperature range 0C -73 to +121 …

What is the thickener in lubricating grease?

Complex thickeners are usually based on lithium, calcium, or aluminum compounds. In some cases, dissimilar thickener types are combined in a grease. This type of thickener system can be referred to as a hybrid thickener or in some cases as a complex thickener. Grease can also be thickened with non-soap materials.

lithium | Definition, Properties, Use, & Facts | Britannica

The isotopes lithium-8 (half-life 0.855 second) and lithium-9 (half-life 0.17 second) have been produced by nuclear bombardment. Biological properties. The widespread occurrence of lithium in plants results in a wide, although low-level, distribution of lithium in animals. Lithium salts have complex effects when absorbed into the body.


Note: Grease compatibility studies have been done and the most incompatible were aluminium complex, calcium complex, clay and polyurea-thickened greases. The most common effect was substantial softening, however, lithium grease sometimes hardened. It is important to note that even if thickeners are generally compatible, two greases may contain

Dexter Axle Official #2 Lithium Axle Bearing Grease ...

Designed to be used in any normal tube type grease gun. - Type: Lithium No.2 grease. - Tube Size: 14 oz. or 396 grams. - NLGI No. 2 Red Lithium Complex. - Dexter Part number #088-012-00. - Made in the USA. - Manufactured for Dexter Axle. Designed for general purpose use. Ideal for marine, automotive, farm and industrial equipment.

Guide to Electric Motor Bearing Lubrication

lithium, sodium, aluminum or barium and complex metallic soaps such as lithium-complex. A thickener increasingly employed in electric motor bearing lubrication is polyurea. Polyrex EMutilizes a polyurea thickener. As with many lubricating oils, additives are frequently used to impart spe-cial properties to the grease. Commonly used additives

A Guide to Grease Thickeners — Twin Specialties Corp.

Lithium complex grease, the most popular in North America, is made with lithium hydroxide, 12 HSA, and azelaic acid. These thickener types have an advantage over simple soap because of better high-temperature properties.


Lithium Complex Grease The first lithium complex grease was invented in 1959. It is an all round high temperature lubricating grease with excellent pump ability and shear stability properties. Depending on the base fluid the, the actual working temperature may exceed 220 °C for intermediate periods.

Lithium Complex Industrial Lubricants | Engineering360

Mobilgrease XHP™ 460 Series -- 462 Moly. from Mobil Industrial Lubricants. Mobilgrease XHP 460 extended-service, lithium-complex greases are intended for a wide variety of heavy-duty applications and operating conditions in industries ranging from automotive to construction to …

What is EP2 Grease? – Part 1 - Fuel & Friction

There are basically two types of lithium greases one can choose from. The first are lithium complex greases and the second are simple lithium soap greases. The former are commonly used for general lubricating purposes while the latter are for more specific uses.

Choosing the Right Grease Thickening System

The different types of soap thickeners include lithium 12-hydroxy stearate soaps, lithium stearate soaps, calcium soaps, sodium soaps and aluminum soaps. Simple metallic soaps are made by reacting the metallic alkali with a monobasic organic acid. Lithium Soaps. Lithium 12-hydroxy stearate greases are the most widely used soap greases.

Lithium Complex vs. Calcium Sulfonate Grease – The ...

Lithium complex and calcium sulfonate greases both have the advantage of being compatible with both each other and many types of other common greases. That's a big plus. In fact, the only greases that are incompatible with lithium complex …


Protection ES is a synthetic lithium-complex grease specially formulated to provide extended service, even in winter conditions where highly corrosive chemicals or abrasive materials are used on the road. In higher operating and ambient temperatures, Castrol Pyroplex Protection ES resists

Production of Lithium and Sodium Lubricating Greases

greases have a lower water resistance than other greases types (Totten, et al. 2003). 2.2 Lithium Grease The first greases were used as multipurpose greases are Lithium greases. Lithium greases have a high water resistance and dropping point about 190 °C. …

Multipurpose grease - Mobilgrease XHP™ 460 series ...

Type lithium complex Product applications for bearings, for engines Field for the automotive industry, construction, marine, marine Other characteristics anti-corrosion, long-life, high-temperature, extreme pressure Viscosity. 0.00046 m²/s

Grease Compatibility Chart and Reference Guide

Lithium and calcium soaps were compatible with one another, and neither was particularly good when mixed with a clay-based grease. Today, with not only the aforementioned thickeners – but also complex soaps, polyurea, calcium sulfonate and even more exotic thickeners used in many greases – the issue of compatibility has become much more ...

Industrial Greases - Lubrication Engineers

Monolec Multiplex Lubricant is a highly versatile, long-life, lithium complex thickened grease designed for extreme pressure (EP) performance in a variety of farm, fleet, industrial and marine applications. It provides dependable performance in a broad operating temperature range in chassis, wheel bearings and other critical grease points.

Lithium - Wikipedia

Lithium (from Greek: λίθος, romanized: lithos, lit. 'stone') is a chemical element with the symbol Li and atomic number 3. It is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal.Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element.Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and must be stored in vacuum, inert atmosphere or inert liquid such as ...

Grease Basics - Efficient Plant

Complex soap Reaction of a fatty acid, such as 12 HSA, with a short chain complexing acid, such azelaic, produces a complex soap. If lithium hydroxide were used, the result would be a lithium complex grease-the most popular grease type in North America.

What s Going on with These Lithium Reagents?

ate complex vs any of several lithium reagent structures, triple ions) were tested. One key observation was that the fraction of in situ allenyl product is strongly affected by the substituents on the tin and/or the reagent used for the Li/Sn exchange, suggesting that the Sn ate complex plays an important role. A

Difference Between Regular Grease & Lithium Grease ...

Lithium grease, on the other hand, while unable to deal with the extreme pressure and high-heat applications industrial grease endures, is a multipurpose grease, at least on a home use basis. It can be used to loosen up hinges, eliminate rust, help create some of the hair products that help you avoid being a beauty school dropout.


complex thickener-type greases are gaining popularity. They are being selected because of their high dropping points and excellent load-carrying abilities. Complex greases are made by combining the conventional metallic soap with a complexing agent. The most widely used complex grease is lithium based. These are made with a

Lithium's changing landscape - STLE

Lithium complex formulations require more lithium hydroxide to fully react with the combination of 12-hydroxystearic acid and a dicarboxylic acid than is required for the single 12-hydroxystearic acid used for lithium soap greases, Waynick says. In addition, lithium complex grease formulations require more thickener to produce the same consistency.


Although they are more expensive to manufacture than other grease types, lithium soap greases offer so many advantages compared to sodium and calcium soap thickeners that extra cost is offset by improved performance. Lithium complex greases were developed in the late 1940s. U.S. Patent 2,417,428 was granted to Lester W. McClennan on March 18, 1947.